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標題Title: Functional Rehabilitation of the Paralyzed UpperExtremity After Spinal Cord Injury by NoninvasiveHybrid Neuroprostheses
作者Authors: 許幟帆
上傳單位Department: 電機工程系
上傳時間Date: 2016-6-14
上傳者Author: 許幟帆
審核單位Department: 電機工程系
審核老師Teacher: 陳培展
檔案類型Categories: 專題報告Project Report
關鍵詞Keyword: Assistive technology,functional electrical stimulation (FES),grasp neuroprosthesis,hybrid brain–computer interface (hBCI), personalization,spinal cord injury (SCI), tetraplegia,upper extremity orthosis
摘要Abstract: For individuals with high spinal cord injury (SCI),
restoring missing grasping function is a high priority. Neuroprostheses
based on functional electrical stimulation (FES) can
partly compensate the loss of upper extremity function in
people suffering from tetraplegia. With noninvasive, multichannel
neuroprostheses a pinch and power grasp can be
accomplished for everyday use. Hybrid systems combining FES
with active orthoses hold promise for restoring a completely
lost arm function. Novel control interfaces are needed to make
full use of the many degrees of freedom of complex hybrid
neuroprostheses. Motor imagery (MI)-based brain–computer
interfaces (BCIs) are an emerging technology that may serve as
a valuable adjunct to traditional control interfaces for neuroprosthetic
control. Shared control and context-specific autonomy
are most effective for reducing the users’ workload. The
modularity of upper extremity neuroprostheses as well as their
associated control interfaces enable customization of the
systems to adapt to the impairment and needs of each
individual end user. This work provides an overview of the
application of noninvasive hybrid BCI-controlled upper extremity
neuroprostheses in individuals with high SCI with a
strong focus on the results from the European Integrated
Project Tools for Brain-Computer Interaction and will describe
the challenges and promises for the future.

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